American Strategic Choices in Afghanistan

Elliot Chodoff & David A. Levy

The sudden fall of Afghanistan to the Taliban following the withdrawal of American forces did not surprise those who have followed the story for the past two decades. What began 20 years ago as a mission to rid the world of al Qaeda lost its focus as other, unattainable, objectives overtook the primary one – denying Al Qaeda a safe haven.

Before 9/11, five years of Taliban atrocities – massacres; withholding food supplies;...